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Dyslexia and Specific Learning difficulties (SpLD)

Some learners have general learning difficulties, where attainment in literacy (and numeracy) will be consistent with their underlying ability.    

 SpLDs are learning difficulties that affect a specific area of learning or performance which does not match up to the individual's underlying ability. Someone who has a specific learning difficulty will typically have a 'spiky' profile, with clear differences in underlying ability, attainment, and cognitive processing skills (verbal memory, working memory, processing speeds and phonological awareness - the ability to process and manipulate the sounds of the language).  

Dyslexia is probably the best known of these, but Dyspraxia, Dyscalculia, Dysgraphia, ADHD and ADD are also regarded as SpLDs.

Learning Styles

In general, (and simplified), the left and right sides of our brain process different types of information, in different ways. While we have a natural tendency towards one way of thinking and learning, the two sides of our brain work together in our everyday lives. Typically, learners with SpLDs process information better using the right (more visual) side of the brain. This can cause difficulty in processing aspects of language, maths and sequencing actions and thoughts. 
Dyspraxia and DCD

Dyspraxia and DCD 

The Dyspraxia Foundation defines Dyspraxia:
‘Dyspraxia, a form of developmental coordination disorder (DCD) is a common disorder affecting fine and/or gross motor coordination, in children and adults. While DCD is often regarded as an umbrella term to cover motor coordination difficulties, dyspraxia refers to those people who have additional problems planning, organising, and carrying out movements in the right order in everyday situations. Dyspraxia can also affect articulation and speech, perception and thought.’
Contact Dyslexia Support and Outreach Service in Croydon on for more information on Dyslexia or Specific Learning Difficulties on
020 8239 8136 or 07713 744 057
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